New York City, NY

How we calculate the New York ParkScore® Ranking

The ranking for New York is based on how it compares nationally on five characteristics of an excellent park system: acreage, access, investment, amenities, and equity.

Download New York’s ParkScore Report

See Methodology

See the Map

52 pts
99 pts
91 pts
48 pts
74 pts
99% of New York residents live within a 10-minute walk of a park.
Median City, 100 most populous U.S. cities: 74%
Median City, all urban cities and towns in U.S.: 55%

We’re working to ensure that every person, in every neighborhood, in every city across America has a quality park within a 10-minute walk of home.

New York residents who live within a 10-minute walk of a park
The average distance most people are willing to walk to reach a destination is 10-minutes or roughly half a mile. The 10-minute walk standard helps us examine the availability of parks close to home.
By Age (%)
Children (0 - 19)
Adults (20 - 64)
Seniors (65+)
By Income (%)
High Income
Middle Income
Low Income
By Race/Ethnicity (%)
Native American*
Pacific Islander*
2 or More Races*
*Excludes those who report Hispanic origin (which is captured separately from race by the U.S. Census).
Comparing amount of park space between neighborhoods by race/ethnicity
Across the country, parks located in neighborhoods with a majority of residents of color are half the size of parks in predominantly white neighborhoods yet serve five times more people per acre, according to TPL park equity data. In New York, residents in neighborhoods of color* have access to the same park space per person as the city’s average neighborhood and 32% less than those in white neighborhoods. Additionally, we compared park space in the city’s average neighborhood with others by specific race and ethnicity:
*Neighborhoods of color are defined as those in New York with the highest concentrations of people who identify as Black, Hispanic, Indigenous and Native American, Asian American, Pacific Islander, multiple races, or other communities of color (more information).
Comparing amount of park space between neighborhoods by income
Across the country, parks serving low-income households are four times smaller yet serve four times more people per acre than parks serving high-income households, according to TPL park equity data. In New York, residents in low-income neighborhoods have access to 20% more park space per person than those in the average New York neighborhood and 19% less than those in high-income neighborhoods.
21% of New York’s land is used for parks and recreation.
National median 15%
How do park amenities measure up?
Parks help foster healthy, inclusive, and flourishing communities—the cities with the highest ParkScore ratings are healthier places to live. These six amenities reflect activities popular among a diverse selection of user groups (kids, teenagers, adults, seniors). For each amenity, New York is awarded points based on their abundance relative to the other 99 cities.
Basketball Hoops
4.8 per 10,000 people
2.2 per 10,000 people
Rec & Senior Centers
0.3 per 20,000 people
Dog Parks
1.8 per 100,000 people
0.8 per 10,000 people
6.7 per 100,000 people
How much is New York investing in parks?
We compared New York with the other 100 most populous cities in the nation on total park investment per person, aggregating all public and private spending for any publicly accessible park in the city. Visit our City Park Facts database to see how the other big cities stack up.
Park Investment (Three-Year Average)
  • City agency
    $153 (77%)
  • Other public agencies
    $16.76 (8%)
  • Private organizations
    $25.85 (13%)
  • Monetized volunteer hours
    $4.15 (2%)
Total Spending Per Capita
  • National benchmark: Relative park spending by organization type
  • Average among 100 most populous cities
  • City agency: 85.5%
  • Other public agencies: 7%
  • Private organizations: 5.5%
  • Monetized volunteer hours: 2%
  • Total per capita spending: $108 per person
Make the Commitment
Pledge to make parks a priority!
Everyone should have access to a quality park within a 10-minute walk of home. Our 10-Minute Walk™ Program calls on mayors to demonstrate their commitment to parks and adopt long-term, system-wide strategies that accelerate the creation of parks.