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For park planners, creative compromise is par for the course

A family walks down a path at Colwood Park in Portland, OregonPhoto credit: Leah Nash

The mayor of Portland calls the transformation of a private golf course into a public park “a land-use miracle”—but it wasn’t a hole in one. 
When the owner of the 18-hole golf course in Portland’s Cully neighborhood first proposed selling the property for industrial development, many in the community were worried. There’s no other part of the city so short on green space, so the plan seemed like a lost opportunity to add parkland where it’s needed most. 

The Trust for Public Land helped park advocates navigate a tricky re-zoning effort that laid the groundwork for a new proposal: a mix of development on the side of the property nearest the airport and freeways and much-needed green space on the other. This time, the city approved the plan.

“I think everybody realizes that everyone is getting a majority of what they want,” Trust for Public Land staffer Don Goldberg told Daily Journal of Commerce. “I think we’ve found a good balance for everyone.”

Trees are reflected in a pond at Colwood Park in Portland, OregonRestoration efforts at Colwood Park will help bring revive natural areas and wetland habitat.Photo credit: Leah Nash

Part of that balanced approach includes retaining some of the property’s golfing facilities. Now a nine-hole course open to the public, the Colwood Golf Center is also home turf for The First Tee, a nonprofit working to introduce the game to the park’s neighbors. 

“There are a lot of low-income and diverse housing units in very close proximity to the golf course,” says Cathy Porter, who heads the organization’s work in Portland. “Most of the children in the Cully neighborhood would never be exposed to the game otherwise.”

“Growing up, I was fully aware that golf was not a sport for a Latino immigrant like myself for a variety of reasons—the main one being the cost,” writes a First Tee participant. Recognizing the financial barriers to those curious about the game, the organization helps fund kids’ equipment, lessons, and travel to clinics and competitions. And while First Tee is dedicated to training aspiring golfers, it places an emphasis on self-confidence and skills like goal setting and perseverance. 

“Before, I felt like people only focused on my flaws,” writes another participant. “Now, when I pass by a mirror and see my reflection, I see someone powerful and capable. To get to that took years of accepting and loving myself through the game of golf.”

Snapshots of kids' golf events from First Tee of PortlandFirst Tee of Portland introduces the game of golf to kids who might not otherwise have a chance to give it a shot.Photo credit: Courtesy First Tee of Portland

While the fairways foster the next generation of golfers, another corner of the Colwood property will experience its own renewal. 

Columbia Slough is a narrow waterway that runs through the new park. It once supported salmon and birds, but by early in the century, much of its healthy habitat had been destroyed. The new proposal for Colwood Park calls for restoration of the wetland habitat, which also helps safeguard water quality and guard against flooding.

A bird perches on a branch at Colwood Park in Portland, OregonIt's no eagle or albatross, but it's still at home on the golf course. Photo credit: Leah Nash

For The Trust for Public Land, the creative compromise at Colwood Park is the kind of win that comes from having a good long game: the deal was almost a decade in the making. All told, the Cully community will gain nearly a nearly hundred-acre park with something for everyone—whether you prefer birding or birdies. 


Patty Simon
Good news on the internet is very rare. Congratulations to Portland for doing the right thing!
need to keep public places free and for everyone.
If anyone has any of the case law, etc. used for these arguments to preserve please forward to me. Also, what process you used to stop the rezoning. Time is of the essence.
Chris Lambeck
Good morning, By way of introduction, my name is Chris Lambeck. I write to you today because I am a resident of a community (Burlington, Ontario, Canada) facing the partial re-development of its local golf course. I am interested in Burlington forging a path that focuses on the community acquiring and converting a large portion of the golf course to a park and approving a responsible new housing development on a portion of the golf course. This is neither what the developer is proposing (greater housing density with executive golf course) or the anti-development group (no new housing and maintain existing golf course) is advocating. I read with interest about the success of The Trust for Public Land (TPL) in converting the Colwood Golf Centre to a park and in particular the creation of wetland habitat, which also helps safeguard water quality and guard against flooding. We have experienced much higher frequency of high flooding events and I believe must convert the golf course to a “large sponge” to protect both existing and new housing. I was hoping to speak to Don Goldberg or a representative for TPL, both for background and to get a short video clip that I could use to present at the various meetings that will be held in our community on this re-development. The main messaging that I would want to get from the video is a testimonial of the benefits to the community and also an honest reflection of the main challenges faced in getting the park idea accepted and sourcing the funds for the purchase. As a local resident not directly on the golf course, I am motivated simply by the environmental benefits that a park space with extensive wetlands would bring to our community, but I do appreciate that the 2 opposing sides have other objectives. Having a real-world example to present, is in my opinion the best way to forge a path to the best outcome. I believe COVID 19 has highlighted the need to build community spaces and to do something tangible and substantive locally to counter the profound threat that the environment poses to the well-being of all of us if we don’t aim for much better than the status quo. We have a meeting on September 21, 2020 and I would like to therefore have a call as soon as possible. Thank you for considering my request. Chris Lambeck 416.435.6780

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