Center for City Park Excellence Bibliography

City Park Facts

2014 City Park Facts
2012 City Park Facts

The Economic Benefits of Parks

Measuring the Economic Value of a City Park System (March, 2009)
The Economic Benefits of San Francisco's Park and Recreation System (October 2014)
The Economic Benefits of Virginia Beach's Park and Recreation System (August 2011)
The Economic Benefits of Seattle's Park and Recreation System (March 2011)
The Economic Benefits of the Park and Recreation System of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina (November 2010)
The Economic Benefits and Fiscal Impact of Parks and Open Space in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, New York (October 2010)
The Economic Benefits of Denver's Park and Recreation System (July 2010)
How Much Value Does the City of Wilmington, Delaware Receive From Its Park and Recreation System? (September 2009)
How Much Value Does the City of Sacramento Receive From Its Park and Recreation System? (2009)
How Much Value Does the City of San Diego Receive From Its Park and Recreation System? (2008)
How Much Value Does the City of Philadelphia Receive From Its Park and Recreation System? (June, 2008)
How Much Value Does the City of Boston Receive from its Park and Recreation System? (March 2008)

The Health Benefits of Parks

From Fitness Zones to the Medical Mile: How Urban Park Systems Can Best Promote Health and Wellness (2011)
The Health Benefits of Parks: How Parks Help Keep Americans and Their Communities Fit and Healthy (2007)

The Many Ways of Planning and Creating a Park

"Excising Airports and Railyards for Better Urban Parkland Comparisons" (American Planning Association, Summer 2014)
"Turning Brownfields into Parks: On once-polluted properties, bold new public spaces deliver the green" (Planning, December 2011)
"Fairways Under Fire: Are little-used public golf courses worth the space?"(Landscape Architecture Magazine, June 2011; Utne Reader, November/December 2011)
"Cemeteries Alive: Graveyards are resurging as green spaces for the public" (Landscape Architecture Magazine, December 2010; American Cemetery, January 2011)
"Walking on Water" (Urban Land, October, 2009)
"Complete Communities: Green space and affordable housing" (Communities & Banking, Summer 2009)
"Shoehorn Parks: Squeezing innovative green spaces into crowded cities requires looking for land in unexpected places" (Landscape Architecture Magazine, May 2009)
"Coming to a City Near You: Skate Parks!" (Parks & Recreation, May 2009)
Smart Collaboration: How urban parks can support affordable housing (2009)
"When There's Nothing to Conserve—Create! Parks can be central to a great redevelopment project" (Journal of Housing & Community Development, November/December 2008)
"Nature Over Traffic: In the United States, a movement is underway to conceal urban highways with parks" (Urban Land, April, 2007; Governing, January 2007)
The Excellent City Park System: What makes it great and how to get there (2006)
"From Dumps to Destinations: The conversions of landfills to parks" (Places journal, 2006)
"Creating Dog Parks—Without Rancor" (The Christian Science Monitor, June 2005)
"Parks: How Far is Too Far?" (Planning, December 2004)

Managing Parks

"How Many Out-of-Towners are in Your Parks?" (Parks and Recreation, May 2014)
"Safer Parks After Dark: New night-lighting methods help provide answers for dark-sky advocates" (Landscape Architecture Magazine, November 2011)
"Secrets of the Private Sector: How parks and recreation agencies can flex their marketing muscles" (Parks & Recreation, August 2010)
"Governing Urban Park Conservancies: A review of board structure and roles at six major city park conservancies" (Prepared for Legler Benbough Foundation, San Diego, October 2009)
"Parks Under Siege" (Planning, October 2008)
"Proceed Without Caution: City parks are closing their roads to cars" (Planning, July 2008)
Downtown Parks: A report on the users, uses and features of successful downtown parks for the Minneapolis Downtown Greening Initiative (August 2007)
"Pavement in the Park: The parking problem in city parks" (Parks & Recreation, June 2007; Landscape Architecture Magazine, July 2007)
Parking in Parks: Data Table (2007)
"If They Don't Count, You Don't Count: Estimating the number of city park users is important—really!" (Parks & Recreation, June 2005)

Paying for Parks

Downtown Parks: Funding methods, management structures, and costs (April 2008)
"Who's Going to Pay for this Park? The role of developer exactions in the creation of new city parks" (American Planning Association, July/August 2005)
Local Parks, Local Financing - Volume II: Paying for Urban Parks Without Raising Taxes (1998)

Individual Cities, Park Systems and Parks

The Parks of Memphis: Past, Present and Future (November 2014)
Charleston Rail Line Linear Park Report (May 2013)
The Park System of New Brunswick, New Jersey: Findings and Recommendations (August 2011)
Bracing for Change: Fort Monroe and the need for parkland in Hampton Roads (October 2008)
Downtown Minneapolis Park Space Initiative Final Report (June 2008)
The Soul of San Diego: Keeping Balboa Park magnificent in its second century (Part II, January 2008)
"Nine Mile Re-Run: In Pittsburgh, activists bring a biologically dead stream back to life" (Landscape Architecture Magazine, November 2007)
Open Space Implementation Strategy for the City of Waukegan, Illinois Lakefront-Downtown Master Plan (October 2007)
Renewing A Historic Legacy: The park system of Hartford, Connecticut (October 2007)
The Park System of Salem, Oregon: A report to assist in the update of the 1999 park and recreation master plan (August, 2007)
"Keeping Balboa Park Magnificent in its Second Century: A look at management, fundraising, and private partnerships at five other major U.S. city parks" (Part I, August 2006)
The Park System of Norfolk, Virginia: An analysis of its strengths and weaknesses (February 2005)
"Renewing the Source: The redesign of a San Antonio park reconciles citizens from opposite sides of the tracks" (San Pedro Springs Park) (Landscape Architecture Magazine, June 2004)
The Role of Parks and Greenspace in Redevelopment in Camden, New Jersey (Winter 2004)
An Open Space Analysis: Newark, New Jersey (2004)
"The Best Backyard in Baltimore: Baltimore's beating heart is renewed after decades of neglect" (Landscape Architecture Magazine, December 2002)
"Indianapolis, Indiana Study" (March 2002)

The Need for Parks

"Urban Parks are Making a Comeback"(Journal of Urban Affairs; Parks & Recreation, September 2008)

Books on Parks

Urban Green: Innovative Parks for Resurgent Cities (Island Press, 2010)
The Conservation Finance Handbook (2009)
Inside City Parks (Urban Land Institute and The Trust for Public Land, 2000)